The Community-Based Health and First Aid (CBHFA) approach empowers volunteers and communities to take charge of their own health. Using simple tools adapted to local contexts, communities are mobilised to address and prioritise their health needs. CBHFA works far beyond simply teaching people first aid techniques, it also addresses health needs related to maternal and child health, urban health risks, water and sanitation and hygiene promotion among many others. Supporters and partners in the delivery of CBHFA programmes include the Danish Red Cross, German Red Cross, Italian Red Cross, French Red Cross and the International Committee of the Red Cross and Red Crescent.
In the Jordan context, there are currently more than 634,000 registered Syrian refugees in the country, which places strain on the existing health care system. Lack of knowledge about where to access health care, and poor knowledge on prevention of health conditions and diseases, are compounded by a low number of community health volunteers for every registered Syrian refugee. Community Health activities ensure that beneficiaries have access to health information which contributes to improved health practices.
JNRCS’ Community Based Health and First Aid programme was first implemented at the start of 2014 with the support of the Japanese government. Since then, more than 30 staff and volunteers have been trained as trainers, and over 100 volunteers have been trained in various health topics.
Training provided to CBHFA volunteers in 2016 have included:
- CBHFA Induction Course - Modules 1,2 &3
- Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)
- Violence Prevention
- Minor health topics (immunisations, respiratory infections and personal hygiene etc.)
- First Aid
- Behaviour Change & Communication skills
- Home visits for new-born babies, antenatal & postnatal care, family planning and Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF)
- Gender & Diversity awareness
- Psychological first aid and referrals
- Supportive supervision of volunteers (to JRCS staff and volunteer leaders)
- Behaviour change & communication skills (to JRCS staff and volunteer leaders)
To date of 55,000 beneficiaries (50% Syrian and 65% women) have been reached with health information through the CBHFA volunteers in 5 different Governorates. Health information has been disseminated through a variety of mechanisms such as community campaigns, school visits, community meetings, group discussions and home visits. The major topics covered in the Health Awareness sessions by our volunteers are:
- Heart disease
- Respiratory infections
- Violence Prevention, Gender Based Violence, Child Protection